NIRS CBCD Headgear Plugin

Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development
School of Psychology, Birkbeck, University of London

The Henry Wellcome Building, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HX
Tel: (+44) 20 7631 6258 • Fax: (+44) 20 7631 6323

For general enquiries contact:

For technical enquiries contact:



Our standard fee provides one set of infant fNIRS headgear.

  • The size and design of the headgear is flexible and is adjusted to each individual user.
  • We have over ten years’ worth of experience running fNIRS studies in infants (0-14 months of age) and have recently begun optimizing the headgear for children of 2-3 years of age.
  • We can provide advice about the most reliable cortical regions of measurement and the most appropriate headgear design for your research specialty.
  • Each piece of headgear comes with a spare set of components
  • Additional headgear can be provided at a supplementary cost
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We have written a review article on fNIRS infant research, which provides an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of different headgear designs.

Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A. & Elwell, C.E. (2010) Illuminating the developing brain: The past, present and future of functional near infrared spectroscopy. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, 34(3), 269-284.

Our expertise in fNIRS infant research is reflected by the number of publications that the CBCD has produced (see below) and is testament to the long-standing collaboration between CBCD, Birkbeck and the Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, UCL.

  1. Lloyd-Fox, S., Széplaki-Köllőd, B., Yin, J. & Csibra, G. (in press) Are you talking to me? Neural activations in 6-month-old infants in response to being addressed during natural interactions. Cortex.
  2. Begus, K., Lloyd-Fox, S., Halliday, D., Papademetriou, M., Darboe, M.K., Prentice, A.M., Moore, S.E. & Elwell, C.E. (in press) Using fNIRS to study working memory of infants in rural Africa. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.
  3. Lloyd-Fox, S., Wu, R., Richards, J.E., Elwell, C.E. & Johnson, M.H. (2015) Cortical Activation to Action Perception is associated with action production abilities in young infants. Cerebral Cortex, 25(2), 289-297.
  4. Lloyd-Fox, S., Richards, J.E., Blasi, A., Murphy, D.G.M., Elwell, C.E. & Johnson, M.H. (2014) Co-registering fNIRS with underlying cortical areas in infants. Neurophotonics. 1(2), 025006.
  5. Lloyd-Fox, S.*, Blasi, A., Elwell, C.E. & Johnson, M.H. (2014) Test-retest reliability of fNIRS in infants. Neurophotonics. 1(2), 025005.   (* Lloyd-Fox and Blasi are joint first authors.)
  6. Lloyd-Fox, S., Papademetriou, M., Darboe, M.K., Everdell, N.L., Wegmuller, R., Prentice, A.M., Moore, S.E. & Elwell, C.E. (2014) Functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to assess cognitive function in infants in rural Africa. Nature Scientific Reports 4, 4740.
  7. Fillippetti, M.L., Johnson, M.H., Lloyd-Fox, S., Dragovic, D. & Farroni, T. (2013) Body perception in newborns. Current Biology, 23, 2413-2416.
  8. Grossmann, T., Lloyd-Fox, S. & Johnson, M.H. (2013) Brain responses reveal young infants’ sensitivity to when a social partner follows their gaze. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 6, 155-161.
  9. Farroni, T., Chiarelli, A., Lloyd-Fox, S., Massaccesi, S., Merla, A., Gangi, V., Mattarello, T., Faranguna, D. & Johnson, M.H. (2013) Infant cortex responds to other humans from shortly after birth. Nature Scientific Reviews. 3, 2851.
  10. Southgate, V., Begus, K., Lloyd-Fox, S. & Hamilton, A. (2014) Goal representation in the infant brain. NeuroImage, 85, 294-301.
  11. Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi., A., Elwell, C.E., Charman, T., Murphy, D., & Johnson, M.H. (2013) Reduced neural sensitivity to social stimuli in infants at-risk for autism. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B. 280, 20123026.
  12. Cristia, A., Dupoux, E., Hakuna, Y., Lloyd-Fox, S., Schuetze, M., Kivits, J., Bergvelt, T., van Gelder, M., Filippin, M., Charron, S., and Minagawa-Kawai, Y. (2012). An online database of infant functional Near InfraRed Spectroscopy studies: A community-augmented systematic review. PLoS One, 8, e58906.
  13. Papademetriou, M.D., Richards, J., Correia, T., Blasi, A., Murphy, D.G., Lloyd-Fox, S., Johnson, M. & Elwell, C.E. (2012) Cortical Mapping of 3D Optical Topography in Infants. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 985.
  14. Correia, T., Lloyd-Fox, S., Everdell, N., Blasi, A., Elwell, C.E., Hebden, J. & Gibson, A. (2012) Three-dimensional optical topography of brain activity in infants watching videos of human movement. Physics in Medicine & Biology. 57, 1135
  15. Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Mercure, E., Elwell, C.E. & Johnson, M.H. (2012) The emergence of cerebral specialisation for the human voice over the first months of life. Social Neuroscience, 7, 317-330. doi: 10.1080/17470919.2011.6146
  16. 16. Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Everdell, N., Elwell, C.E., & Johnson, M.H. (2011) Selective cortical mapping of biological motion processing in young infants. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 23, 2521-2532. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2010.21598.
  17. Gervain, J., Mehler, J., Werker, J.F., Nelson, C.A., Csibra, G., Lloyd-Fox, S., Shukla, M. & Aslin, R.A. (2011) Near infrared spectroscopy: A report from the McDonnell Infant Methodology Consortium. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 1, 22-46. doi: 10.1016/j.dcn.2010.07.00
  18. Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A. & Elwell, C.E. (2010) Illuminating the developing brain: The past, present and future of functional near infrared spectroscopy. Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews, 34(3), 269-284.
  19. Blasi, A., Phillips, D., Lloyd-Fox, S., Hui-Koh, P. & Elwell, C.E. (2010) Automatic detection of motion artifacts in infant functional optical topography studies, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 662, 279-284.
  20. Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Volein, A., Everdell, N., Elwell, C.E. & Johnson, M.H. (2009) Social Perception in Infancy: A near infrared spectroscopy study. Child Development, 80, 986-999.
  21. Grossman, T., Johnson, M.H., Lloyd-Fox, S., Blasi, A., Deligianni, F., Elwell, C. & Csibra, G. (2008) Early cortical specialization for face-to-face communication in human infants. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 275, 2803-2811.
  22. Blasi, A., Lloyd-Fox, S., Everdell, N., Volein, A., Tucker, L., Csibra, G., Gibson, A., Hebden, J., Johnson, M.H. & Elwell, C. (2007) Investigation of depth dependent changes in cerebral haemodynamics during face perception in infants, Physics in Medicine and Biology, 52, 6849-6864.